Every contraceptive method has side effects, especially hormonal contraceptives. The contraceptive injection every three months is a form of hormonal contraception that contains progestin, a hormone that resembles the progesterone hormone produced by the ovaries.
After being injected, progestin has the effect of thickening the cervix so that it is difficult for sperm cells to move towards the uterus. This hormone also prevents ovulation and makes the uterine wall unfavorable for a fertilized egg.
The performance of this hormone has side effects for the body. If you are considering using birth control injections, be aware of the side effects first. You can read the article about 3 months of family planning injections to understand more about birth control injections.
Or, have you used birth control injections and experienced some side effects? Read the explanation below to find a solution!
- Understand Changes in the Menstrual Cycle
This is the most common side effect. Birth control injections can cause changes in the menstrual cycle, both being longer and shorter.
At first use, there is prolonged menstruation, spots (spotting), then menstruation will become infrequent or stop altogether. About 40% of users stop menstruating after one year of use.
This is a harmless side effect so nothing to worry about. Stopping menstruation does not mean that menstrual “dirty blood” has accumulated.
Hormonal contraceptives suppress the thickening of the uterine wall which usually sheds in the form of menstrual blood, so that there is no “blood” to be shed.
- Adjust the Diet and Exercise So that the Body Weight Does not Increase
The increase in body weight in KB injection acceptors ranged from 1-2 kg per year. The reason is that the progestin hormone in birth control injections can increase appetite by affecting the appetite control center in the hypothalamus.
If you are above normal weight, or have a history of obesity, you should adjust your diet and get plenty of exercise to keep your body weight ideal.
- Understanding Fertility Time
Unlike the case with IUDs, implants, and birth control pills, users of contraceptive injections must be a little patient when planning a pregnancy again. After the use of birth control injections is stopped, fertility will return up to 10 months later or sooner.
One cannot predict how long it will take for fertility to return because the effect on each person is different. Meanwhile, users of IUDs, implants, and birth control pills can immediately return to fertility after removing the device or stop taking birth control pills.
This is quite normal because the drug release effect has not been exhausted. If you want to plan a pregnancy, you should stop using birth control injections several months in advance.
- Siasati With Lubricant If The Vagina Is Dry During Sex
One of the ways the hormone progestin works is to thicken the mucus in the vagina. In addition, injections of progestins can convert carbohydrate-containing foods into fat, which is difficult to react to water.
This means that the more fat in the body, the less water will be in the body. This has an effect on the vagina becoming drier.
This condition can cause pain during sexual intercourse. If left too long, this can lead to decreased sexual desire.
You can work around this by doing longer foreplay (heating before intercourse) or using a lubricant (lubricant) to reduce pain due to friction. If you and your partner are still uncomfortable, consult a medical professional about the possibility of changing the contraceptive method.
- Consult a Doctor If Experiencing Headaches, Breast Pain, and Mood Changes
The three effects above are the side effects of hormonal changes after the injection of progestins into the body. In some women, mood swings and anger is more frequent than usual.
All of the above side effects, including dizziness, breast tenderness, lightheadedness, are not symptoms of any particular illness but are purely due to hormonal changes. Although it is quite common, not all users of birth control injections experience it.
To reduce pain, you can take paracetamol. However, if it is very disturbing, consult a midwife or obstetrician.
- Conduct Scheduled Consultations To Control Bone Density
Research shows that the use of birth control injections for a long period of time can lead to bone thinning which eventually leads to decreased bone density (osteoporosis).
Therefore, users are advised to consult health workers every two years.
- Always Maintain Facial Cleanliness If Acne Arises
Hormonal changes that occur due to birth control injections can cause skin disorders, such as acne. Progestin hormones can cause excessive secretion in the oil and fat glands on the face.
The effect, acne occurs as a result of clogged pores. To reduce the possibility of acne, keep your face clean by regularly washing your face before going to bed to remove any residue of make up or dirt that sticks to it after activities.
- Avoid PMS By Using Condoms
Contraceptive types of contraceptive injections are only able to prevent pregnancy, but do not provide protection from sexually transmitted diseases (STDs). Therefore, if you are worried about getting an STD from a partner, you should use a condom when having sex.
You should consider changing your type of contraception if menstrual irregularities occur after several months of normal or no menstrual periods. Likewise with headaches.
If the headache that appears is a migraine that begins with visual, sensory, speech, or movement / motor disturbances, consult a health worker for a safer choice of contraception.
However, when you or your partner feel uncomfortable with the side effects of birth control injections, even though they are normal, you can still choose other types of contraception.